Ariane Tatjana Pietzka, Alexander Indra, Anna Stöger, Josef Zeinzinger, Miriam Konrad, Petra Hasenberger, Franz Allerberger, Werner Ruppitsch
Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety, Vienna, Austria
Background: Multidrug-resistant (MDR) Mycobacterium tuberculosis poses a serious threat to the control of tuberculosis and constitutes an increasing public health problem. The availability of rapid in vitro susceptibility tests is a prerequisite for optimal patient treatment. Rifampicin resistance caused by diverse mutations in the rpoB gene is an established and widely used surrogate marker for MDR-TB. We used a high-resolution melting (HRM) curve analysis approach to scan for mutations in the rpoB gene. Methods: A total of 49 MDR-TB and 19 fully susceptible non-MDR-TB isolates, as determined by conventional drug susceptibility testing using the BACTEC-MGIT960 system, were used to evaluate the suitability of HRM curve analysis as a rapid and accurate screening system for rifampicin resistance. Results: HRM analysis of the rpoB cluster I site allowed the correct allocation of 44 of the 49 MDR-TB isolates and all of the non-MDR-TB isolates. Three of five MDR-TB isolates (60%) falsely identified as non-MDR-TB harboured the V176F mutation that could be specifically detected by an additional HRM assay. The combined HRM analysis of all strains and isolates exhibited 95.9% sensitivity and 100% specificity. Conclusions: With a positive predictive value of 100% and a negative predictive value of at least 99.9% this combined HRM curve analysis is an ideal screening method for the tuberculosis laboratory, with minimal requirements of cost and time. The method is a closed-tube assay that can be performed in an interchangeable 96- or 384-well microplate format enabling a rapid, reliable, simple and cost-effective handling of even large sample numbers.
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